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Conservation and Environment in Costa Rica: Monthly Updates

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Conservation in Costa Rica - Monthly Update February 2013

Volunteers in the nursery area

February was a month where we launched several new projects. For example the project started with a focus on birds, then we began working on the new biodigester. We also had the management plan for the fore-coming year to work on, along with visiting the wetland Corral de Piedra to take stock of the migratory birds.

Scarlet Macaw Project

We started this project last year; the main aim of this project is to rescue this species. Then, we monitor the nest 24 hours a day.

The Scarlet Macaw (Ara macao) is a bird of great beauty, their populations in Costa Rica are small. The major issue is that each year the chicks are removed from the nests for sale on the black market, which makes their conservation very important.

In Barra Honda National Park and the surrounding areas there have been some preliminary studies on this species. But the population of Scarlet Macaws in the Barra Honda National Park is very low, to the point that only two nests of this species have been found at the site and are not even within the protected area, which further complicates the situation.

Bat project

This is one of the oldest projects here. We have a lot of information of this species. The staff and volunteers visit the forest every week to study the bats. Barra Honda National Park is an important site for the conservation of bats, as on the site there are colonies of thousands of individuals who roost in different caves of this protected area, mainly in caves "Well Reek" and "Nicoa ". Also some bats are able to build their own shelters using leaves of different plant species.

There is a new behavioural report for a small species of fruit bat (Artibeus phaeotis) which has been observed nesting in a tough Panama tree (Sterculia apetala). This choice of tree is uncommon in South American bat species which generally prefer building their temporary nests with the softer leaves of the abundant Heliconia species, often shaped like banana leaves.

Bird Project (new list)

Costa Rica bird display

Barra Honda has an important dry forest ecosystem that contains many species of birds that are endemic to tropical dry forest, others that are in danger of extinction and also some that are really striking and rare. For this reason we will create a census that will show us about what kind and how many birds we have in the different national park habitats. Also know if exist a relation between them and compare the population with others studios in similar forests.

With this project we and volunteers have a new inventory of birds a new list:

Scientific NameNombre comúnEnglish NameFamily
Crypturellus cinnamonemeusTinamú, PerdizThicket TinamouTinamidae
Tachybaptus dominicusZambullidor enanoLast GrebePodicipedidae
Fregata magnificiensTigereta de marMagnificent TrigatebirdFregatidae
Ardea albaGarza realGreat EgretArdeidae
Bubulcus ibisGarcilla bueyeraCattle EgretArdeidae
Tigrisona mexicanumMartín Peña, Garza TigreTiger HeronArdeidae
Coragyp atratusZopilote negro, ZonchoBlack VultureCathartidae
Cathartus auraZopilote cabeza rojaTurkey VultureCathartidae
Sarcoranphus papaZopilote reyKing VultureCathartidae
Dendrocygna autumnalisPicheBlack-bellied Whistling DuckAnatidae
Buteo platypterusGavilán aludoBroad-winged HawkAccipitridae
Buteo magnirostrisGavilán chapulineroRoadside HawkAccipitridae
Asturina nitidaGavilán polleroGray HawkAccipitridae
Herpethoteres cachinnansGuacoLaughing FalconFalconidae
Caracara plancusQuebranta huesosCrested CaracaraFalconidae
Micrastur semitorquatusHalcon de monte collarejoCollared-Forest-FalconFalconidae
Ortalis vetulaChachalacaPlain ChachalacaCracidae
Porphyrula martinicaGallina de aguaPurple GallinuleRallidae
Jacana spinosaGallito de aguaNorthern JacanaJacanidae
Columba flavirostrisPaloma moradaRed- billed PigeonColumbidae
Zenaida asiaticaPaloma ala blancaWhite-winged DoveColumbidae
Scardatella incaTortolita colilargaInca DoveColumbidae
C. PasserinaTortolita comúnCommon Ground DoveColumbidae
Leptotila verreauxiPaloma coliblancaWhite-tipped DoveColumbidae
Ara macaoLapa rojaScarlet MacawPsittcidae
Aratinga canicularisPerico catanoOranged-frontedPsittcidae
Amazona albifronsLoro frentiblancoWhite-fronted ParrotPsittcidae
Piaya cayanaPajaro ardillaSquirrel CuckooCuculidae
Crotophaga sulcirostrisTijoGroove-billed AniCuculidae
Morococcyx erythropygiusCuclillo sabaneroLesser Ground-CuckooCuculidae
Coccizus minorCuclillo de antifazMangrove cuckooCuculidae
Otus cooperiLechuzita sabaneraPacific Screech-owlStringidae
Glaucidium brasilianumMochuelo comúnFerruginous pigmy-owlStringidae
Strix virgataLechuza café o de leónMottled owlStringidae
Nyctibius griseusPajaro paloCommon PotooNyctibiidae
Chordeiles acutipennisAñapero menorLesser nighthawkCaprimulgidae
Nyctidromus albicollisCuyeo, TapacaminosCommon PauraqueCaprimulgidae
Phaetornis longuemareusErmitaño enanoLittle MermitTrochilidae
Amazilia saucerroteiAmazalia culiazulSteely-vented HummingbirdTrochilidae
Amazilia rutilaAmazalia canelaCinnamon HummingbirdTrochilidae
Heliomaster constatiiColibrí pochoteroPlain-capped StarthroatTrochilidae
Anthracothorax prevostiiManguito pechiverdeGreen breasted mangoTrochilidae
Archilocus colubrisColibrí garganta de rubíRubi-throated hummingbirdTrochilidae
Chlorostilbon canivetiiEsmeralda rabihorcadoFork tailed emeraldTrochilidae
Trogon melanocephalusTrogon cabecinegroBlack-headed TrogonTrogonidae
Trogon elegansTrogon eleganteElegans TrogonTrogonidae
Eumomota superciliosaMomoto cejicelesteTurquoise-browed MotmotMomotidae
Momotus momotaMomoto comúnBlue-crowned MotmotMomotidae
Notharchus macrorhynchosBuco collarejoWhite-necked PuffbirdBucconidae
Dryocopus lineatusLineated WoodpeckerPicidae
Campephilus guatemalensisCarpintero picoplataPale-billed WoodpeckerPicidae
Melanerpes hoffmanniiCarpintero de HoffmannHoffmann's WoodpeckerPicidae
Thamnophilus doliatusThamnphilidae
Pachyramphus aglaiaeCabezón plomizoRose-throated BecardTityridae
Tityra semifaciataTitira cariroja o pájaro chanchoMasked tityraTityridae
Chiroxifia linearisSaltarín toledoLong-tailed ManakinPipridae
Tyrannus forficatusTijereta rosadaSccisor-tailed FlycatcherTyrannidae
Tyrannus melancholicusPechoa amarilloTropical kingbirdTyrannidae
Myiodynastes luteiventrisMosquero ventriazufradoSulphur-bellied FlycatcherTyrannidae
Myiodynastes maculatusMosquero listadoStreaked FlycatcherTyrannidae
Megarhynchus pitanguaMosquerón picudoBoat-billed FlycatcherTyrannidae
Pitangus sulfuratusCristo fue, BienteveoGreat KiskadeeTyrannidae
Myiarchus crinitusCopetón viajeroGreat Crested FlycatcherTyrannidae
Myiarchus tyrannulusCopetón crestipardoBrown Crested FlycatcherTyrannidae
Myiarchus tuberculiferCopetón crestioscuroDusky-capped flycatcherTyrannidae
Poecilotricus sylviaEspatulilla cabecigrisSlated-headed toldy-flycatcherTyrannidae
Contopus cinereusPibi tropicalTropical PeeweeTyrannidae
Empidonax alnorumMosquerito de charralAlder FlycatcherTyrannidae
Tolmomyias sulphurescensPiquiplano azufradoYellow-olive FlycatcherTyrannidae
Myiopagis viridicataElainia verdosaGreenish ElaeniaTyrannidae
Camptostoma imberbeMosquerito chillónNorther Beardless FlycatcherTyrannidae
Empidomax flaviventrisMosquerito ventriamarilloYellow-bellied FlycatcherTyrannidae
Hirundo rusticaGolondrina tijeretaBarn SwallowHirundinidae
Hirundo pyrrhonotaGolondrina risqueraCliff SwallowHirundinidae
Tachycineta albilineaGolondrina lomiblancaMangrove SwallowHirundinidae
Calocitta formosaUrracaWhite-throated-Magpie-jayCorvidae
Campylorhynchus rifinuchaChocholpía, ChicopiojoRufous-naped WrenTroglodytidae
Thryothorus pleurostictusSoterré bareteadoBanded WrenTroglodytidae
Thryothorus rufalbusSoterré rufo y blancoRufus-and-white wrenTroglodytidae
Polioptila albilorisPerlita cabecinegraWhite-lored GnatcatcherSylvidae
Vireo flavifronsVireo pechiamarilloYellow-throated VireoVireonidae
Vireo philadelphicusVireo amarillentoPhiladelphia VireoVireonidae
Hylophilus decurtatusVerdillo menudoLesser GreenletVireonidae
Mniotitta variaReinita trepadoraBlack and white warblerParulidae
Vermivora peregrinaReinita verdillaTennessee WarblerParulidae
Dendroica aestivaReinita amarillaYellow WarblerParulidae
Geothlypis poliocephalaAntifacito coronigrisGray-crowned YellowthroatParulidae
Basileuterus rufifronsReinita cabecicastañaRufuos-capped WarblerParulidae
Seiurus aurocapillusReinita HorneraOvenbirdParulidae
Seiurus motacillaReinita acuatica piquigrandeLousiana waterthrushParulidae
Parula americanaParula norteñaNorthern parulaParulidae
Icterus pustulatusBolsero, ChorchaStreaked-backed OrioleIcteridae
Sturnella magnaZacatero comúnEastern MeadowlarkIcteridae
Quiscalus mexicanusZanate grandeGreat-tail GrackleIcteridae
Molothrus aeneusVaquero ojirojoBronzed CowbirdIcteridae
Guiraca caeruleaPico grueso azulBlue GrosbeakCardinalidae
Passerina cirisAzulillo siete coloresPainted BuntingCardinalidae
Arremonops rifivirgatusPinzón aceitunadoOlive SparrowEmberizidae
Aimophila ruficaudaSabanero, AlbardaStriped-headed SparrowEmberizidae
Piranga ludovicianatangara carirojaWestern tanagerThraupide
Piranga rubratangara veraneraSummer tanagerThraupide
Phalacrocorax brasilianuscormoran, pato chanchoNeotropic CormorantPhalacrocoraceae
Dendrocolaptes sanctithomaetrepador barreteadoBarred WoodcreeperDendrocolaptidae
Mycteria americanacigüeñaWood storkCicconidae
Catharus ustulatuszorzal de SwainsonSwainson´s ThurshTurdidae
Total = 105 Species

Nursery garden

We have great news, the nursery is almost finished and we have over two thousand plants to go to plant in the forest. The species are: cedar, sweet cedar, Tempisque Cocobolo. The next step is to wait for the rainy season which starts in May for planting these new trees in the forest.

Anthony Ruiz
Conservation Manager

Management Plan, Data & Reports

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