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Conservation and Environment in Costa Rica: Monthly Updates

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Conservation in Costa Rica - Monthly Update February 2013

Volunteers in the nursery area

February was a month where we launched several new projects. For example the project started with a focus on birds, then we began working on the new biodigester. We also had the management plan for the fore-coming year to work on, along with visiting the wetland Corral de Piedra to take stock of the migratory birds.

Scarlet Macaw Project

We started this project last year; the main aim of this project is to rescue this species. Then, we monitor the nest 24 hours a day.

The Scarlet Macaw (Ara macao) is a bird of great beauty, their populations in Costa Rica are small. The major issue is that each year the chicks are removed from the nests for sale on the black market, which makes their conservation very important.

In Barra Honda National Park and the surrounding areas there have been some preliminary studies on this species. But the population of Scarlet Macaws in the Barra Honda National Park is very low, to the point that only two nests of this species have been found at the site and are not even within the protected area, which further complicates the situation.

Bat project

This is one of the oldest projects here. We have a lot of information of this species. The staff and volunteers visit the forest every week to study the bats. Barra Honda National Park is an important site for the conservation of bats, as on the site there are colonies of thousands of individuals who roost in different caves of this protected area, mainly in caves "Well Reek" and "Nicoa ". Also some bats are able to build their own shelters using leaves of different plant species.

There is a new behavioural report for a small species of fruit bat (Artibeus phaeotis) which has been observed nesting in a tough Panama tree (Sterculia apetala). This choice of tree is uncommon in South American bat species which generally prefer building their temporary nests with the softer leaves of the abundant Heliconia species, often shaped like banana leaves.

Bird Project (new list)

Costa Rica bird display

Barra Honda has an important dry forest ecosystem that contains many species of birds that are endemic to tropical dry forest, others that are in danger of extinction and also some that are really striking and rare. For this reason we will create a census that will show us about what kind and how many birds we have in the different national park habitats. Also know if exist a relation between them and compare the population with others studios in similar forests.

With this project we and volunteers have a new inventory of birds a new list:

Scientific Name Nombre común English Name Family
Crypturellus cinnamonemeus Tinamú, Perdiz Thicket Tinamou Tinamidae
Tachybaptus dominicus Zambullidor enano Last Grebe Podicipedidae
Fregata magnificiens Tigereta de mar Magnificent Trigatebird Fregatidae
Ardea alba Garza real Great Egret Ardeidae
Bubulcus ibis Garcilla bueyera Cattle Egret Ardeidae
Tigrisona mexicanum Martín Peña, Garza Tigre Tiger Heron Ardeidae
Coragyp atratus Zopilote negro, Zoncho Black Vulture Cathartidae
Cathartus aura Zopilote cabeza roja Turkey Vulture Cathartidae
Sarcoranphus papa Zopilote rey King Vulture Cathartidae
Dendrocygna autumnalis Piche Black-bellied Whistling Duck Anatidae
Buteo platypterus Gavilán aludo Broad-winged Hawk Accipitridae
Buteo magnirostris Gavilán chapulinero Roadside Hawk Accipitridae
Asturina nitida Gavilán pollero Gray Hawk Accipitridae
Herpethoteres cachinnans Guaco Laughing Falcon Falconidae
Caracara plancus Quebranta huesos Crested Caracara Falconidae
Micrastur semitorquatus Halcon de monte collarejo Collared-Forest-Falcon Falconidae
Ortalis vetula Chachalaca Plain Chachalaca Cracidae
Porphyrula martinica Gallina de agua Purple Gallinule Rallidae
Jacana spinosa Gallito de agua Northern Jacana Jacanidae
Columba flavirostris Paloma morada Red- billed Pigeon Columbidae
Zenaida asiatica Paloma ala blanca White-winged Dove Columbidae
Scardatella inca Tortolita colilarga Inca Dove Columbidae
C. Passerina Tortolita común Common Ground Dove Columbidae
Leptotila verreauxi Paloma coliblanca White-tipped Dove Columbidae
Ara macao Lapa roja Scarlet Macaw Psittcidae
Aratinga canicularis Perico catano Oranged-fronted Psittcidae
Amazona albifrons Loro frentiblanco White-fronted Parrot Psittcidae
Piaya cayana Pajaro ardilla Squirrel Cuckoo Cuculidae
Crotophaga sulcirostris Tijo Groove-billed Ani Cuculidae
Morococcyx erythropygius Cuclillo sabanero Lesser Ground-Cuckoo Cuculidae
Coccizus minor Cuclillo de antifaz Mangrove cuckoo Cuculidae
Otus cooperi Lechuzita sabanera Pacific Screech-owl Stringidae
Glaucidium brasilianum Mochuelo común Ferruginous pigmy-owl Stringidae
Strix virgata Lechuza café o de león Mottled owl Stringidae
Nyctibius griseus Pajaro palo Common Potoo Nyctibiidae
Chordeiles acutipennis Añapero menor Lesser nighthawk Caprimulgidae
Nyctidromus albicollis Cuyeo, Tapacaminos Common Pauraque Caprimulgidae
Phaetornis longuemareus Ermitaño enano Little Mermit Trochilidae
Amazilia saucerrotei Amazalia culiazul Steely-vented Hummingbird Trochilidae
Amazilia rutila Amazalia canela Cinnamon Hummingbird Trochilidae
Heliomaster constatii Colibrí pochotero Plain-capped Starthroat Trochilidae
Anthracothorax prevostii Manguito pechiverde Green breasted mango Trochilidae
Archilocus colubris Colibrí garganta de rubí Rubi-throated hummingbird Trochilidae
Chlorostilbon canivetii Esmeralda rabihorcado Fork tailed emerald Trochilidae
Trogon melanocephalus Trogon cabecinegro Black-headed Trogon Trogonidae
Trogon elegans Trogon elegante Elegans Trogon Trogonidae
Eumomota superciliosa Momoto cejiceleste Turquoise-browed Motmot Momotidae
Momotus momota Momoto común Blue-crowned Motmot Momotidae
Notharchus macrorhynchos Buco collarejo White-necked Puffbird Bucconidae
Dryocopus lineatus Lineated Woodpecker Picidae
Campephilus guatemalensis Carpintero picoplata Pale-billed Woodpecker Picidae
Melanerpes hoffmannii Carpintero de Hoffmann Hoffmann's Woodpecker Picidae
Thamnophilus doliatus Thamnphilidae
Pachyramphus aglaiae Cabezón plomizo Rose-throated Becard Tityridae
Tityra semifaciata Titira cariroja o pájaro chancho Masked tityra Tityridae
Chiroxifia linearis Saltarín toledo Long-tailed Manakin Pipridae
Tyrannus forficatus Tijereta rosada Sccisor-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannidae
Tyrannus melancholicus Pechoa amarillo Tropical kingbird Tyrannidae
Myiodynastes luteiventris Mosquero ventriazufrado Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher Tyrannidae
Myiodynastes maculatus Mosquero listado Streaked Flycatcher Tyrannidae
Megarhynchus pitangua Mosquerón picudo Boat-billed Flycatcher Tyrannidae
Pitangus sulfuratus Cristo fue, Bienteveo Great Kiskadee Tyrannidae
Myiarchus crinitus Copetón viajero Great Crested Flycatcher Tyrannidae
Myiarchus tyrannulus Copetón crestipardo Brown Crested Flycatcher Tyrannidae
Myiarchus tuberculifer Copetón crestioscuro Dusky-capped flycatcher Tyrannidae
Poecilotricus sylvia Espatulilla cabecigris Slated-headed toldy-flycatcher Tyrannidae
Contopus cinereus Pibi tropical Tropical Peewee Tyrannidae
Empidonax alnorum Mosquerito de charral Alder Flycatcher Tyrannidae
Tolmomyias sulphurescens Piquiplano azufrado Yellow-olive Flycatcher Tyrannidae
Myiopagis viridicata Elainia verdosa Greenish Elaenia Tyrannidae
Camptostoma imberbe Mosquerito chillón Norther Beardless Flycatcher Tyrannidae
Empidomax flaviventris Mosquerito ventriamarillo Yellow-bellied Flycatcher Tyrannidae
Hirundo rustica Golondrina tijereta Barn Swallow Hirundinidae
Hirundo pyrrhonota Golondrina risquera Cliff Swallow Hirundinidae
Tachycineta albilinea Golondrina lomiblanca Mangrove Swallow Hirundinidae
Calocitta formosa Urraca White-throated-Magpie-jay Corvidae
Campylorhynchus rifinucha Chocholpía, Chicopiojo Rufous-naped Wren Troglodytidae
Thryothorus pleurostictus Soterré bareteado Banded Wren Troglodytidae
Thryothorus rufalbus Soterré rufo y blanco Rufus-and-white wren Troglodytidae
Polioptila albiloris Perlita cabecinegra White-lored Gnatcatcher Sylvidae
Vireo flavifrons Vireo pechiamarillo Yellow-throated Vireo Vireonidae
Vireo philadelphicus Vireo amarillento Philadelphia Vireo Vireonidae
Hylophilus decurtatus Verdillo menudo Lesser Greenlet Vireonidae
Mniotitta varia Reinita trepadora Black and white warbler Parulidae
Vermivora peregrina Reinita verdilla Tennessee Warbler Parulidae
Dendroica aestiva Reinita amarilla Yellow Warbler Parulidae
Geothlypis poliocephala Antifacito coronigris Gray-crowned Yellowthroat Parulidae
Basileuterus rufifrons Reinita cabecicastaña Rufuos-capped Warbler Parulidae
Seiurus aurocapillus Reinita Hornera Ovenbird Parulidae
Seiurus motacilla Reinita acuatica piquigrande Lousiana waterthrush Parulidae
Parula americana Parula norteña Northern parula Parulidae
Icterus pustulatus Bolsero, Chorcha Streaked-backed Oriole Icteridae
Sturnella magna Zacatero común Eastern Meadowlark Icteridae
Quiscalus mexicanus Zanate grande Great-tail Grackle Icteridae
Molothrus aeneus Vaquero ojirojo Bronzed Cowbird Icteridae
Guiraca caerulea Pico grueso azul Blue Grosbeak Cardinalidae
Passerina ciris Azulillo siete colores Painted Bunting Cardinalidae
Arremonops rifivirgatus Pinzón aceitunado Olive Sparrow Emberizidae
Aimophila ruficauda Sabanero, Albarda Striped-headed Sparrow Emberizidae
Piranga ludoviciana tangara cariroja Western tanager Thraupide
Piranga rubra tangara veranera Summer tanager Thraupide
Phalacrocorax brasilianus cormoran, pato chancho Neotropic Cormorant Phalacrocoraceae
Dendrocolaptes sanctithomae trepador barreteado Barred Woodcreeper Dendrocolaptidae
Mycteria americana cigüeña Wood stork Cicconidae
Catharus ustulatus zorzal de Swainson Swainson´s Thursh Turdidae
Total = 105 Species

Nursery garden

We have great news, the nursery is almost finished and we have over two thousand plants to go to plant in the forest. The species are: cedar, sweet cedar, Tempisque Cocobolo. The next step is to wait for the rainy season which starts in May for planting these new trees in the forest.

Anthony Ruiz
Conservation Manager

Management Plan, Data & Reports

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